Author Archives: JMorgan

A Powerful Idea for Increasing Your Church’s Footprint

Apr 26, 17
JMorgan
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Part 3 of 5

Last week, we discussed the role of house churches in decentralizing the Church in America, “taking ground” for Christ on every street, apartment complex and condo building.  The New Testament speaks frequently of both house churches (“the church that meets at their house”) and city-wide gatherings (“the church at/of ____”).  Despite the allegations by advocates for house churches and brick-and-mortar churches, contending that the other is deeply flawed, there is an important role for both. 

Regardless, traditional church as we know it here in the U.S. is well-entrenched and not going away – nor should it.  Therefore, the question becomes how can churches do a better job of expanding their footprints?  How can churches combat tendencies today to become “skyscrapers”, bringing people in to a single structure that occupies a small parcel of land for a short time?

The Importance of Decentralizing

When the work day is done, a skyscraper empties, people get back in their cars, commute home and close the garage doors behind them.  Churches look much the same, with empirical and statistical data showing fewer Christians break that mold and share the gospel with coworkers, friends and neighbors.  Most view church as an activity rather than a lifestyle, squeezing it in between obligations to provide and care for their own families.  Christians, like non-believers, work hard all week to earn enough to pay the bills and run themselves ragged with baseball and cheerleading practices after work and on weekends, leaving little time to fulfill their biblical role as the embodiment of “church”.

While it is difficult to argue with “providing and caring for my family”, there is cause for concern when so many churchgoers today use that as an excuse for abdicating their responsibility to live out the Great Commission on a weekly, if not daily basis.  It begs some sobering questions:

  • Do people think their Christian neighbors seem different or are just like everyone else?  Some studies suggest most see no distinction.
  • If the kids and grandchildren of Christians follow suit and do little to serve and share the gospel with their neighbors, then where does that leave the future state of the church and our nation?
  • The Lord put us in our communities for a reason – how many opportunities are we missing to fulfill His purposes in the lives of those around us?

In light of those questions and the reality that church gatherings in buildings will (and should) be a fact of life, what kinds of structures can churches put in place that would encourage and facilitate more evangelistic engagement?  In other words, given how efforts to attract and retain members are contracting the Church’s collective footprint, are there any conventions that pastors would find palatable for bringing “church” out into the surrounding streets without resorting to subdividing into house churches?

We’ll talk about one of those ideas today and a couple more next week…

“Taking Ground” through Neighborhood Groups

Many people responding to last week’s blog post refer to house churches and small groups interchangeably.  However, there are significant differences.  Small Groups are formed as part of established churches, whereas house churches are churches unto themselves.  Small groups are typically heavy on fellowship and light on teaching, whereas house churches typically involve more intensive Bible study.  Few members of a church participate in Small Groups, whereas house church is a church so all participate.  Small groups usually replicate the church’s “skyscraper” mentality, gathering and scattering – just on a smaller scale.

However, there is a way that brick-and-mortar churches can approximate the decentralization and reach of house churches while keeping its current model intact.  Many churches are experimenting with turning their small groups into Neighborhood Groups.  Neighborhood Groups, if functioning properly, look much more like house churches than small groups in terms of intentionality about:

  • Commitment to reach that neighborhood with the gospel
  • Seeking opportunities to serve neighbors in distress
  • Inviting neighbors to attend (because it’s not designed as a worship service, Neighborhood Groups are a more appropriate venue for non-believers than traditional or house churches)
  • Deeper discipleship in preparation for evangelism

To that last point, Neighborhood Groups overcome a disturbing dynamic we’ve observed in working with thousands of churches.  Churches that pull away from discipleship typically simultaneously retreat from local missions – and vice versa.  Discipleship and missions go hand in hand – a church not preparing members to share their faith know any compassion efforts would bear little fruit, and likewise churches who rarely deploy members into ministry provide them fewer opportunities to witness. The Bible makes that same connection between “growing” and “going” in the Great Commission (“to make disciples”) and in Acts 1:8 (to “be a witness”).

How to Turn Small Groups into Neighborhood Groups

There are a number of best practices for transitioning small groups into Neighborhood Groups:

  1. Define “Neighbors” Literally – Intentionality requires focus.  For purposes of a Neighborhood Group, it will be more effective in reaching a community if it defines “neighbors” as those living on the street where the group meets or near each respective member’s home.  Jesus defined “neighbors” more broadly to include everyone everywhere.  Nothing here refutes Jesus’ definition; however, when a Neighborhood Group views “neighbor” in that larger context it may miss out on its responsibility, collectively as a group and individually, to reach those right outside its back door.
  2. Seek Out Needs – Even in wealthier communities where needs are not so obvious, people have issues.  Rather than poverty, there is alcohol abuse, spousal abuse, rocky marriages, parenting problems, depression, poor health, and a host of other opportunities to rally around neighbors.  Many of us are reluctant to ask neighbors personal questions, afraid we may be asked the same questions in return.  Airing dirty laundry to those in the house next door is a scary proposition – you’re stuck with your neighbors.  However, Christians should be vulnerable and willing to disclose their weaknesses, otherwise neighbors may never see the strength of Christ in them.  Like we mentioned earlier, Christians who try to give off an impression of perfection look just like every other neighbor.  Neighborhood Group members should step forward to find out how people are really doing – getting beyond the facades.  As you unveil your issues and ask about theirs, you may discover they overlap, giving you the opportunity to lead them to that same hope you found in Christ.  Remember that unlike you, non-believers may have no one to confide in – they don’t have the benefit of a church family and may not feel comfortable sharing with anyone else.  You may be the closest thing to “church” they’ll ever experience.
  3. Avoid One-Time Events and Gimmicks – Much has been written in recent years about the dangers of transactional assistance for the poor, one-and-done interactions that feed the perception that Christians are merely fulfilling an obligation rather than genuinely concerned for their welfare.  The same principle applies to Neighborhood Groups.  Walking to the door, knocking on it and handing neighbors a “Blessing Bag” takes courage but will have no sustained impact if there’s no follow up.  Similarly, a neighborhood barbecue is a wonderful outreach but only if it is followed by additional events or connections.  Neighborhood Groups must resist the temptation to which nearly all churches have succumbed – “checking the box”.
  4. See Itself as the Neighborhood’s Church – Neighborhood Groups should act as a house church in this respect.  It should be first on the scene when trouble strikes a family.  It should become a support group for neighbors facing life’s most difficult challenges.  Rather than simply inviting non-believers to church, Neighborhood Groups should connect with them frequently while respecting their desire for (and right to) privacy.  All communities should look and act like a loving, supportive family – but most don’t.  Neighborhood Groups can overcome those divides – with residents serving as de facto “pastors” of that neighborhood.
  5. Use Tools to Manage its Relationships and Activities – A task as important as being the “church” of a neighborhood deserves the same level of coordination seen in brick-and-mortar churches.  Meet The Need has software (at no charge, of course) that empowers Neighborhood Groups to track the needs of local families and communicate them to the larger church body (if the Neighborhood Group can’t meet all of them).  At a church-wide level, envision the power of a “heat map” showing the pastor of a church its footprint – the locations of all its Neighborhood Groups and the pockets (and types) of needs in each neighborhood – across the city.

It’s Your Turn

Have you ever been part of a small group that truly acted as a Neighborhood Group?  How did that externally-focused label or mentality affect its reach and impact?

How House Churches Could Reverse the Decline

Apr 19, 17
JMorgan
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8 comments

Part 2 of 5

If the ABCs of Church Revitalization and the Hallmarks of a Healthy Church revolve around the decentralization that accompanies adopting the biblical definition of “church” and holding those “called out ones” to the Great Commission standard, then it’s worth following the decentralized church to its logical conclusion.  House churches were the predominant format for church gatherings in the New Testament and are common today, particularly in countries where economics or persecution preclude expensive or conspicuous church buildings.  There is evidence that house churches are gaining momentum in America as a rising number of churchgoers have grown frustrated with the prevailing, contemporary version of church that concerns itself with attracting and retaining members.

Movements spawning many of these house churches recognize the tremendous opportunities house churches have over brick-and-mortar.  However, simply replicating waist-deep discipleship and externally-oblivious models for conducting church, only in a smaller context, will fail to realize that potential.

Potential Advantages of House Churches

Let’s look first at the opportunities that decentralizing Church into homes across America provides to generate greater Kingdom impact than gathering Christians into larger buildings.  Again, being afforded these opportunities does not mean that all house churches are availing themselves of them.

  • Footprint – Imagine a church in every apartment building.  What about a church on every street in your city?  Today, Christians leave their homes to convene in what I call “skyscrapers”, churches that do not take up much ground.  In contrast, house churches are a way for the ekklesia (assembly of “called out ones”) to set up shop on every street, condo and apartment complex in the country.  A church building cannot be erected on my street – the Home Owners Association would never approve of it.  Management of an apartment complex would not likely allow a church to sign a lease.  A condo association would not permit a church to buy a unit.  But HOAs, apartment owners and condo associations cannot prevent people from meeting in a person’s residence to worship.
  • Infiltration – Cults and religions hostile to Christianity are known to form cell groups to infiltrate communities and quietly increase their presence and following.  Wouldn’t it be interesting if the reverse were true – for example, Christians planting house churches in Muslim-dominated neighborhoods?  It would not be surprising if house churches in those communities met with resistance, testing the resolve and faith of churchgoers in ways rarely experienced in America but a daily occurrence in China and for the early church.
  • Relationships – Every pastor knows smaller settings create opportunities for closer relationships.  Small Groups are the primary path churches take today in their effort to foster those smaller settings.  However, only a small percentage of members participate in Small Groups and most Small Groups only run for several months per year, cycling new members in and out.  In contrast, house church members don’t just meet one day per week for a few months, but often do life together as a united community of believers for years.
  • Depth – Weekly worship services and occasional small group meetings aren’t making many disciples.  A 30 minute lecture and fellowship meetings run by untrained individuals are insufficient for those Jesus intends to be His hands and feet between Sundays.  Life transformation is intensive and relational, better fostered in a house church environment.
  • Commitment – It’s interesting that where house churches dominate the worship landscape, like in China and the early church, the Church sees rapid growth.  There aren’t many lukewarm Christians at those house churches – fence-sitters and non-believers don’t feel it’s worth the risk to attend.  Consider what a house church service would look like if a few non-believers were present.  What if half the house church was filled with skeptics?  If worship did still take place, it could become awkward or uncomfortable.  The service would possibly morph instead into an evangelistic intervention.
  • Evangelism – Rather than invite non-believers to church, it may seem more appropriate to a house church member to invite them out for a coffee.  As we discussed in our 4-part blog series last month, worship services were not intended to make non-believers feel comfortable.  Instead, churchgoers were to live out Acts 1:8 and to “go and make disciples” through personal relationships, and then bring those new believers into worship services.
  • Neighboring – Closer proximity to neighbors would presumably make house churches more aware of their needs and more intentional about serving them.  Fewer members means each has a sense of greater accountability for doing their part to live out a Prayer, Care, Share lifestyle.  It’s more difficult to hide from that responsibility when there are so few to carry the load on behalf of the house church.
  • Costs – The easiest way to multiply churches is to plant house churches.  The costs to start up and build brick-and-mortar churches are prohibitive for most.  Small churches are struggling mightily to maintain financial viability in light of recent economic downturns, decreasing giving per congregant, and losing ground to Walmart churches that provide better music, facilities and programs.  Maybe the Lord never meant for churches to be so expensive to operate that such a large number could be experiencing extreme financial hardship due to high fixed costs.  Instead of seeing the Church’s footprint expand (through proliferation of cost-effective house churches), we see its footprint shrinking and at risk of further decline.
  • Hierarchy – Other religions put in place stringent governance structures and hierarchies to exert authority over followers.  Jesus strongly resisted and called out religious leaders who tried to control the actions and behaviors of those they considered less righteous.  House churches flatten the hierarchy, still allowing for leadership prescribed in the Books of Timothy and Titus, but shifting from a one-to-many church model to a decentralized many-to-many model.  Less emphasis on a single individual necessarily means more onus on each member to BE the church personified all week long.

Potential Issues with House Churches

There is a solid biblical foundation for house churches given their prominence in the landscape of the early church.  However, there is significant resistance to house churches among many seminaries, pastors and other church leaders.  Two of the most common concerns they express relate to:

  • Qualifications – Some pastors believe a house church operating without a leader who has graduated from a seminary is not legitimate.  They doubt the doctrinal foundation of churches where anyone but a biblical scholar preaches or where the group shares the exegetical workload.  One counterargument is that many house churches are “networked” and itinerant or local leaders act as sounding boards and elders over multiple house churches (i.e. “appoint elders in every city”).  It’s worth noting that seminaries build their curriculum to prepare pastors to work within a brick-and-mortar framework.  Also, it’s concerning that the institutions training today’s pastors are teaching and perpetuating a church growth model that is precipitating its decline in growth, impact, influence and perception.  Much like the most brilliant minds on Wall Street who graduated from Harvard and Princeton didn’t foresee the last decade’s financial collapse, the biblical scholars of our day continue to subscribe to a definition of “church” that defies the Great Commission and possess an understanding of Jesus’ approach to evangelism that defies the second half of the Great Commandment.  In other words, maybe mature Christians who haven’t been indoctrinated in the principles for making a living running a church are better qualified to lead one.  Today, seminaries are producing more aspiring pastors than the shrinking number of church buildings can support, yet churches aren’t producing enough disciples to launch a home church in every apartment complex and street in America.  Instead, ambitious churches aim to plant more churches under their brand and control.
  • Heresy – Pastors of brick-and-mortar churches contend that group-think and under-educated leadership often lead house churches into wayward theology.  Studies showing that smaller churches tend to veer off the biblical highway more often than megachurches would seem to support their claim.  However, even small churches that meet in a building are still dependent on a single pastor to unveil his version and interpretation of biblical truth.  For the reasons mentioned in the previous section of this blog post, a house church format inherently distributes greater responsibility for teaching and accountability for personal growth than a brick-and-mortar church and therefore may be less likely to run off the Matthew 5:19 rails.

It’s Your Turn

Have you observed a house church or been part of one that took advantage of those opportunities and avoided those pitfalls?

Hallmarks of a Healthy Church

Apr 12, 17
JMorgan
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Part 1 of 5

What we described in last week’s post, whether you realized it or not, was a decentralized church.  If you implement The ABCs of Church Revitalization, the orientation of your church will necessarily shift away from a pastor and building-centric mentality.  Over the coming weeks, we’ll build on that ABC foundation, those elementary principles, and provide practical steps and proven models to vastly increase your church’s footprint through decentralization.

Look through the phrases in the next section and check off the ones you’ve heard leaders at your church say recently.  If you’ve heard at least 15 of them, then chances are your church is fairly healthy.  By healthy, I mean biblical.  Each of those phrases is a sign that your church is being properly run as an ekklesia or “assembly” of “called-out ones” equipped to live out the Great Commission rather than as a centralized institution where people are treated as “customers” to attract and retain.  For comments you haven’t heard, see if you’ve encountered the corresponding “red flag” phrases, which indicate tendencies to depart from the biblical definition of “church” and its intended “customer” – i.e. the “lost” in the community that the ekklesia should be pursuing.

By the way, churches too often associate growth with health.  However, getting bigger doesn’t necessarily imply more disciples or Kingdom impact.  Many churches become larger the wrong way – by attracting non-believers and “stealing sheep” from churches that simply can’t compete with the facilities, amenities and programs they offer.  In fact, for most Americans, losing weight is the first step to better health.  Likewise, a church that invokes the ABCs will drive away many not ready to commit to living for Jesus, leaving only those who accept their biblical responsibility to BE the church personified, making the church temporarily smaller but permanently healthier.

Phrases Pastors are Often Heard Saying in a Healthy Church…

  1. “It’s your responsibility to lead people to Christ.” VS. “Please hand out these invitation cards.”
  1. “Dig in to scripture and learn how to share and defend your faith.” VS. “Just tell your story because no one can refute that.”
  1. “Surrendering to Christ is about life transformation into His image.” VS. “Simply repeat after me…”
  1. “Let’s see where the Holy Spirit leads our worship service today.” VS. “This is the way we’ve always done it.”
  1. “If you’re not making any disciples you’re not living out the Great Commission.” VS. “Support the mission team we’re sending to our sister church in Haiti next month.”
  1. “You should be the pastor of your neighborhood.” VS. “We’re a pastor-led church.”
  1. “Your street, workplace and family are your personal mission fields.” VS. “Can you lead a small group this Fall for us?”
  1. “Changing lives of those less fortunate requires forming lasting relationships.” VS. “We need a few more volunteers for our holiday outreach event.”
  1. “We’re planting a new ministry to reach underprivileged youth in our community.“ VS. “We can’t take on any more local missions projects until we finish construction of the new building.”
  1. “We’re going to set aside the first fruits of all giving to bless the ‘least of these’ in our city, following Jesus’ model of leading with compassion.” VS. “Without your generous support, we can’t meet our church expenses this year.”
  1. “We’re launching a personalized discipleship track we expect all members to complete.” VS. “We’re launching our new Small Groups and hope many of you will join one.”
  1. “Small Groups should act as Neighborhood Groups, responsible for praying, caring and sharing the Gospel with those where your group meets.” VS. “Our Small Groups are designed to build friendships and foster fellowship among our congregants – they’re welcome to study whatever curriculum they’d like.”
  1. “How can we more fully utilize our facilities throughout the week to meet the pressing needs all around us?” VS. “We can’t host those foster care workshops because they conflict with our Wednesday night services.”
  1. “I wonder how our church’s impact would increase if we raised up and planted ‘home churches’ in local apartment complexes.” VS. “How can we boost weekend attendance?”
  1. “Every deacon, elder and their wives should be discipling a couple people if we’re ever going to transition from addition to multiplication.” VS. “Deacons and elders are already overwhelmed as it is managing church affairs and visitations.”
  1. “Let’s relieve those three members from some of their responsibilities here at the church and mentor them to help start their prison ministry.” VS. “We can never find enough volunteers to tackle all the roles we have to fill each weekend.”
  1. “Our worship services are designed to equip and refresh the saints for the work of ministry.” VS. “We give the invitation every weekend because there are so many non-believers among our congregants and our members aren’t very good at sharing their faith.”
  1. “Actually, the fact that he is a long-time member and influential leader is exactly why we have to go to him directly about this.” VS. “If you confront him about that, I don’t think we’ll be seeing him again and it could cause a split.”
  1. “Our goal here is not loyalty to our church, but a life changing relationship with the Lord.” VS. “Too many people are slipping out the back door – how can we get more to engage here at the church?”
  1. “Our leaders alone can’t possibly reach this area for Christ – we need an army of servant evangelists.” VS. “Our city continues to move away from the Lord – there’s little we can do but gather and pray that their hearts will change.”

Resistance to Decentralizing

If you’ve heard the second phrases far more than the first ones, it’s not surprising.  If your church operates in a centralized mindset, you’re in good company.  Decentralization does not come easy.  Churches have banked their futures, jobs, finances, etc. on the “skyscraper” concept – not taking up much ground; growing up but not out.  Most church leaders feel adopting or morphing into the church structures and models we’ll be addressing in the coming weeks would risk all they’ve worked so hard to build.  They fear relinquishing power, knowledge and responsibility much more now than they did when they first planted the church and had little to lose.

It’s Your Turn

What other statements have you heard at a church that would indicate a predominantly centralized view and definition of “church”?

The 5 ABCs of Church Revitalization

Apr 05, 17
JMorgan
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3 comments

Over the past few weeks, we’ve contended that churches attempting to attract or accommodate the unrepentant isn’t biblical.  “Church” is by definition the assembly of “called out ones”, not designed for non-believers.  Those for whom church is intended are expected to maintain the purity of Christ’s bride, turning from their lifestyles of sin.

Yet today nearly all churches invite non-believers living in sin to attend and few confront members about their sin as outlined in Matthew 18.  They ask, “How can Jesus expect us to reach those who don’t know Him and run a viable church if we take the biblical definition of ‘church’ and Matthew 18 seriously?”  However, the issue is not with the validity of God’s word, but with our modern American model for conducting “church”.  Seminaries, consultants, books and articles have all conspired to convince pastors and churchgoers that verses in the Bible clearly defining what church is, who should be there and how sin should be dealt with are no longer applicable.

But there is another way – a biblical way – that would revitalize the American Church and reverse the rise of the Nones (claiming no religious affiliation) and Dones (done with church)…

  1. Activate to Attest (vs. Advertise to Attract)
  2. Build Bold Believers (vs. Build a Brand)
  3. Commission to Cultivate (vs. Convene to Commit)
  4. Disciple to Disperse (vs. Distance to Distinguish)
  5. Equip to Empower (vs. Engage to Enjoy)

1. Activate to Attest (vs. Advertise to Attract)

Church is not a place. It’s you – it’s me.  That’s what the Bible says.

Therefore, “attractional” church is an oxymoron.  Individual Christians ARE the church so people should not be drawn to a “what” but a “whom”.  The most appropriate and likely interactions non-believers will have with “church” are their encounters with individual believers.  Millions more would find Jesus if we each accepted personal responsibility for being “church” between Sundays rather than abdicating it by simply inviting reluctant friends to a worship service. 

Attest means “to provide or serve as clear evidence of” or “declare that something exists or is the case”.  However, few churchgoers have been prepared by church leaders to attest powerfully and personally.  The Great Commission is best carried out through relationships with discipled Christ-followers, but nearly all churches have discontinued personalized discipleship programs.  Instead, they advertise messages that in effect “steal sheep” from other churches and encourage members to invite the unrepentant to hear from the “professional” evangelist next weekend, severely underutilizing the power in the pews and undermining the purity of the “assembly”.

Frankly, there’s not much “attractive” about Christian messages in American culture today.  Dying to self, admitting you’re a sinner in dire need of a savior, linking arms with those viewed as judgmental, and risking alienation isn’t exactly appealing in this increasingly inhospitable society obsessed with personal identity.  The best way to overcome staunch objections and embedded resistance is through one-on-one relationships.

2. Build Bold Believers (vs. Build a Brand)

These two objectives are in direct conflict.  Challenge casual or even frequent attenders to undergo the disruptive transformation involved in adopting a prayer/care/share lifestyle, and risk a brand-busting exodus.  Unveil a new budget proposal reflecting Jesus’ model of demonstrating love and compassion before telling people who He is, and face an incredulous and angry bunch of deacons and elders.  Confront sin among influential families within the church and watch your hope of a new building, widely considered the key to growth, walk right out the door.

The goal of building a church simply does not reconcile economically or morally with the mandate of building disciples.  It becomes a choice – define church as a place or as people, and then act accordingly – but in making that decision, keep in mind the Lord isn’t interested in egos or logos.

3. Commission to Cultivate (vs. Convene to Commit)

Churches should gather to scatter – come in to prepare to send out.  Yet too often the commitment pastors seek isn’t to become a disciple of Jesus Christ but dutiful, faithful church members.  Because they now treat those inside the church and not those on the outside as “customers”, pastors emphasize conventions that build loyalty to the institution but don’t build disciples – e.g. small groups vs. one-on-one discipleship, “church chores” vs. local missions, and tithes vs. offerings.  Seeing congregations as “customers” positions pastors and staff as “church” tasked with keeping people coming back, serving and giving.  It centralizes what the Bible intended to be decentralized, turning the Great Commission into the Great Commitment.  Its emphasis on institutional growth breeds Comfort, Complacency, Confinement, Conformity and Compromise.

4. Disciple to Disperse (vs. Distance to Distinguish)

As we centralize “church” by overburdening “professionals” with responsibilities that are rightly yours and mine, we drive a wedge between Christians and non-Christians.  The Presidential election illustrated the widening gap between “us” and “them”.  Rather have meeting “them” where they would prefer to be and personally telling them about Him (maybe at a Starbucks or Panera), we sequester into buildings that don’t prepare us to share that Gospel, hoping some day “they” will come with us.  Then, we don’t follow Jesus’ model of leading with compassion, instead speaking out on social issues before we have “earned” the right to do so – further damaging our public perception.

You would think distancing ourselves would have the effect of making Christians look less like the world, but it has done the opposite.  The death of discipleship within America’s churches means fewer assume the attributes of Christ and adeptly engage non-believers.  The expenses involved in running centralized organizations makes churches look more like corporations and pastors like CEOs.

5. Equip to Empower (vs. Engage to Enjoy)

How can Christians not look like society yet still engage it?  A non-believer is far more likely to enter into a conversation with you than they are to step into a church.  In other words, assuming the Bible’s decentralized definition of “church”, seeing it as home churches, neighborhood groups or individual Christ-followers, brings “church” to the masses rather than waiting for people to darken a church door.  In that light, the job of church leaders becomes to prepare members to succeed in the “marketplace”, teaching them how to take advantage of the many chances they’ll have to share their faith once they see themselves as the embodiment of “church”.  Unfortunately, most Christians struggle to find the courage or the words They’re not sure what to say, nor are they bold enough to speak up when the opportunities present themselves.

Because church members view themselves as “customers”, shopping for a new church if they’re not satisfied with their current one, they feel they’ve done their part when they’ve secured the “referral” – inviting someone to church.  In business, after a customer makes a referral, it’s the company’s responsibility to close the sale.  Today, churches typically don’t push members for more than a “referral”.  Frankly, most Christians don’t feel their churches have provided them the theological training to do much more.

It’s Your Turn

Over the next 4 weeks, we’re going to dig deeper into what the Bible says about decentralizing church and models that adhere more closely to biblical principles.  What are your thoughts about how the structure and operations of churches in America today have deviated from God’s word?

When Did Churches Stop Confronting Sin Among Their Own?

Mar 29, 17
JMorgan
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10 comments

As promised, let’s pick back up on a critical issue we addressed in passing last week – Conformity.  Just as telling one white lie requires more lies to cover the first one up, not following one biblical principle has led churches to break a couple others.  Enticing non-believers to join a worship service that shouldn’t be designed for them has led churches to look much more like the world than they should – both in how they operate and behave.  Those adaptations to accommodate non-believers (and retain members) have been costly, both monetarily and morally.  In other words, as a consequence of those first two breaches, churches have sacrificed the holiness and purity Jesus expected of His Church.

What the Bible Says…

Throughout the Old and New Testaments, rooting out sin among God’s people and removing it from their presence was a consistent, recurring theme:

Old Testament

  • Commanding Israel not to intermarry with godless nations
  • Destroying everyone and everything belonging to conquered, pagan peoples
  • Using only unblemished, spotless animals for sacrifices
  • Washing all items involved in religious rituals meticulously
  • Quick retribution for those who turned to false gods

New Testament

  • Jesus overturning the tables of the merchants in the temple
  • Jesus’ reserving his greatest condemnation for hypocritical religious leaders
  • God striking down Ananias and Sapphira for lying at the first church at Antioch
  • John listing out the sins and issuing calls to repentance to each of the early churches in the Book of Revelation
  • Paul insisting that evil people be removed from the body in his letters to churches

Yes, Jesus spoke much more gently to those outside the church who were guilty of sin (e.g. the woman at the well and the woman caught in adultery) than He did to those defiling the church from within.  His parables about the Pharisees:

  • held them accountable for the sins of multiple generations
  • accused them of persecuting the prophets and killing the Son of God
  • said that unchurched Samaritans, who they reviled, had more compassion
  • called them “whitewashed tombs”, clean on the outside but filthy on the inside
  • exposed their arrogance, saying those they looked down upon “went home justified”
  • implied there’s a special corner of Hell reserved just for them

The Lord wants sin out of the Church.  In addition to the Old and New Testament examples above, Ephesians 5:25-27 spells out clearly that Jesus expects His Church, His bride, to remain “without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless”.  Matthew 18:15-17 outlines the process for keeping churches “holy and blameless”.  Church leaders are commanded to deal directly and unapologetically with sin among churchgoers.  First, a fellow church member or leader should confront that individual, then if necessary bring along one or two other “witnesses” to make the case to that person.  If none of that works, their sin should be shared publicly with the whole church, and failing that the member should be removed from the church body.

What We Do Now…

All Christians know John 3:16 but few are as familiar with the verses that follow, like v. 20 “Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that their deeds will be exposed”.  Are churches today allowing sin to remain hidden and entrenched rather than exposed and eradicated?  Have you seen a church that consistently follows the Matthew 18 process?

Pastors envision the likely consequences of taking Matthew 18 literally, wondering how quickly it would empty the pews.  Current church growth models strongly discourage invoking the Matthew 18 process:

  • Asking congregations to invite non-believers to worship services and advertising “the perfect church for imperfect people”, seeking to maximize the number of unrepentant sinners within the “4 walls”
  • Hesitating to discuss sin directly from the pulpit (at a “corporate” level) for fear of bringing the collective church ”down” versus building it up, making non-believers feel unwelcome, or facing accusations of preaching “fire and brimstone”
  • Being careful not to offend non-believers, new believers or even “mature” Christians (at an “individual” level) who continue in life choices that are contrary to God’s word because crossing the wrong person could cause a split and fracture the body

For reasons we’ll discuss in the next section, church leaders rightly assume that few churchgoers are willing to confront another’s sin or be confronted about their own.  What pastors and Christians do today instead is to confront sin that happens:

  • OUTSIDE of their church, railing against those in other parts of the country undermining or questioning Christian values
  • OUTSIDE of their city, careful about getting involved in controversial morality issues too close to home for fear they might be ostracized or vilified in the media
  • AGAINST their church, eager to root out any recalcitrant “lone wolves” among the body with a poor attitude infecting the rest of the congregation (the subject of many articles and books)

In other words, churches are more inclined to tolerate…

  • …sin inside their church than sin outside the church (despite Paul’s emotional appeal to do the opposite and even though “outsiders” don’t consider themselves subject to God’s law)
  • …sin among their Christian friends than among those they don’t know
  • …sin against the Lord than sin against their religious institution (i.e. church)

What Jesus, David, Paul and John all shared was a righteous anger against professed believers who sinned against God and corrupted His holy Church.  They hated all sin but saved their most forceful words for those who brought sin into the church.  Why do pastors and Christians now seem to redirect nearly all of their “anger” toward those outside the church, rarely looking internally to take the “log out of their own eyes”?

What Changed…

I am often the target of that anger from those defending institution-building.  I question the status quo – the prevailing redefinition of “church” and its intended, biblical “customer”.  I’m considered a rabble-rouser for turning over the proverbial “tables” at churches seeking growth by catering and clinging to members (rather than challenging and equipping them to reach the lost in their community).  I’m not opposed to church growth of course, but only how it’s being pursued today.

In fact, the Matthew 18 process has historically stimulated church growth, not diminished it.  As members took responsibility for their sins, corrected one another through discipleship, and reflected Christ’s love and compassion to a watching world, the body of Christ was strengthened and blessed.  However, in an environment today where “church” is defined as a place to go on Sundays and the responsibilities of attenders have been reduced to inviting friends to a worship service, the Matthew 18 process has become far too personal and demanding for American churchgoers.  With sin left largely unchecked and discipleship waning, the Church is no longer growing – in size, impact, influence or public perception.

The reluctance of church leaders to hold members accountable for their actions is further evidence that churchgoers are increasingly treated as “customers”.  No longer seeing them as the embodiment of “church”, but redefining “church” as the institution itself, is why few churches…

  • …deal directly with personal sin, particularly in the family of a patriarch or matriarch
  • …risk the financial consequences of following Matthew 18 with significant contributors
  • …offer intensive, personalized discipleship
  • …still have “accountability” groups

The “customer is always right”, so they’re never questioned or insulted.  Yet customers can complain and criticize when they don’t get what they want.  Likewise, pastors no longer feel at liberty to confront churchgoers personally about sin, yet readily accept criticisms from them (and even heap praise on them when they lift the slightest finger to serve inside or outside the church).

It’s Your Turn…

Wouldn’t God’s plan for purity and remedy for sin among His children – confession, repentance, forgiveness and restoration through Jesus Christ – be more pervasive if the Matthew 18 process were followed by more churches?

I Have a Confession…

Mar 22, 17
JMorgan
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2 comments

Part 4 of 4

In writing the last of these four blog posts asking the question “Do Non-Believers Belong in Worship Services?“, I realize I need to make a confession.  As I’ve studied the scriptures on this topic and shared the repercussions of the “seeker” movement on the hundreds of churches I’ve worked with over the past 15 years, it’s become clear I’m guilty of many of my own assertions.  Although I’ve tried to be a voice for discipleship, compassion and evangelism within churches I’ve attended, I haven’t done enough in my own life to combat the powerful temptations and tendencies that attempts to attract non-believers have created toward Comfort, Complacency, Confinement, Compromise and Conformity.

I CONFESS my propensity to overindulge in…

1. Comfort

For too many years, I’ve treated church as a place I go on Sunday mornings.  Failing to grasp that the Bible defines “church” as me (and all other believers), I haven’t fully lived out the enormous responsibilities that definition entails.  I’ve enjoyed eloquent sermons telling me how to be a better husband and father, yet didn’t share the gospel of Jesus Christ a single time that week.  I’ve worshipped the Lord, hoping the band will play one of my favorite songs, yet didn’t tell any of my neighbors how much I love the Lord before the following Sunday.  I’ve let the children’s ministry entertain and tell Bible stories to my son, yet didn’t unveil just how much more it may cost him to be a disciple.  I’ve served as a greeter and usher, yet didn’t serve anyone in Jesus’ name once I stepped out of the building.  I’ve fellowshipped with my Christian friends before and after church services, yet didn’t intentionally connect with any non-believers all week long to be the “church” for them.  Even though seeker churches have tried to make church as comfortable as possible for non-believers, studies show that I’m likely the closest skeptics will ever get to “church”.

In all of this, I allowed church to become far too comfortable for me as well.  However, Jesus never sought to make anyone comfortable.  He made them squirm, coming right out of the gates preaching repentance and sending disciples out into the mission field with no money or accommodations.

2. Complacency

I often forget that unsaved people are going to Hell.  Or maybe I just find it difficult sometimes to come to grips with the full extent of the dire consequences facing those destined for eternal damnation.  Am I more happy that I’m not going to be there than I am concerned for those who will?

Not to shift blame, but I believe the presence of non-believers in worship services has contributed to me (and other churchgoers) thinking that pastors bear primary responsibility for rescuing the lost from the brink of Hell.  First, we naturally assume that pastors are on the hook for leading any non-believers who show up at church that day to Jesus.  Then, as pastors have stepped up requests for congregations to invite their unchurched friends, that perception has gradually widened to grant pastors responsibility for all conversions.  By asking to us invite more and discipling us less, the job of Christians has been reduced to convincing non-believers to attend a church service so their pastors can preach the Gospel to them.

However, if only believers were in church then churchgoers couldn’t possibly abdicate their evangelistic role to pastors.  Without the option to invite those who don’t worship the Lord to a worship service, the task of sharing the Gospel would necessarily fall to church members.  The assembly of “called-out ones”, the biblical definition of church, would have to fulfill their intended disciple-making roles – and be prepared by pastors to do so effectively.

I wish I (and all Christians) had a sense of urgency around the Great Commission mandate commensurate with the fate awaiting those we love who don’t know Jesus.

3. Confinement

I confess I tend to huddle up with my Christian friends, inside and outside of church, because they think like me.  A form of groupthink pervades our conversations, affirming each other despite our essentially dormant personal ministries when compared to what Jesus actually expects of us.  Although the biblical meaning of the word “church” implies that relatively few non-believers should find salvation inside of a church building, we count last weekend’s professions of faith and congratulate ourselves, taking partial credit for a duty we’ve wrongly entrusted to the “professionals”.

Modern day church growth models have centralized and convened Christians into “skyscrapers”, prominent buildings that only occupy a small footprint.  We gather under one roof one morning with our like-minded brethren speaking openly about our faith, then scatter into our workplaces and neighborhoods where we rarely broach those subjects.  Some of us reassemble one evening during the week into Small Groups with fellow believers into a house where we once again boldly proclaim the Gospel to each other while non-Christians on that same street go to bed hurting and hopeless, with no one to encourage them to take their problems to the Lord in prayer.

The “seeker movement” taught us that church is for everyone.  Come one and all and do life together.  Since all are invited IN to a church, fewer are well equipped to go OUT and be the church personified.  Rather than build disciples, we build institutions. We worry more about those who are INSIDE the church and less about those who are on the OUTSIDE looking in.

4. Compromise

I don’t rock the boat often enough.  Sometimes I don’t live out the Prayer-Care-Share lifestyle I urge others to adopt.  Like the church leaders I criticize for offering slow indoctrination into the Gospel and limited discipleship for fear of alienating non-believers they deem unprepared for either, many times I’ve hesitated to speak a truth that John the Baptist, Jesus and the disciples knew all needed to hear even though few would accept.  I blog about the dangers of “stealing sheep” from other flocks and attracting people to an event they weren’t meant to attend in the first place even though I’m not alleviating the pressure on pastors to advance the Kingdom and keep the lights on, instead forcing them to pick up my slack whenever I fail to lead people to Jesus, disciple them and (only) then invite those newly “called-out ones” to a worship service.

5. Conformity

Another area where I’ve compromised that we’ll discuss more next week is tolerance of sin – in my own life, within my church and in the lives of Christian friends.  Paul (in 1 Corinthians) and John (in the Book of Revelation) spoke in no uncertain terms about the importance of keeping the church body holy.  However, in our efforts to attract and retain non-believers, we’ve become more cautious about confronting sin within our churches.  I tiptoe around issues of sin in Small Groups and personal conversations for fear of offending non-believers, new believers or friends I want to continue to like me.  In raising our sin threshold, we’ve lowered God’s bar.  As a result, churches and church members look a lot like the world in how they operate and behave.   We’ve adopted the world’s “I’m ok, you’re ok” attitude about sin – you don’t bring up mine and I won’t bring up yours.  Although our sensitivity to sin within our churches has decreased, God’s hasn’t.

It’s Your Turn…

Which of those tendencies do you recognize within yourself and/or your church?

Where Should Non-Believers Hear the Gospel?

Mar 15, 17
JMorgan
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one comments

Part 3 of 4

Last week, we looked at the first 4 of 7 common reasons why most Christians answer the question “Do Non-Believers Belong in Worship Services? with an emphatic “YES!”   Today, we’ll summarize and respond to the remaining 3 arguments behind their belief that church members should invite their non-Christian friends to church.  The Bible states clearly in 1 Corinthians 14:22-25 that non-believers who show up at church “unannounced” should be warmly welcomed, but that their presence should not impede pastors from preaching “the deep truths of God”.  However, what was in question in our last post “Is Church Really a ‘Hospital for Sinners’?“and again here is the biblical foundation for proactively inviting and advertising to entice non-believers to join worship services…

5.  “What about all those who won’t hear the Gospel if we stop inviting non-believers to church?”

When you read that question out loud, it does make no longer inviting non-believers to church sound heartless and “unChristian”.  At first glance, the question conjures the image of non-believers left out in the cold to fend for themselves.

However, what that argument does not take into account is how many more would likely come to faith if churchgoers would do more than simply invite them to come into a building.  In other words, when we contended last week that church is not a “hospital for sinners”, we were making the point that “church” by definition is not a building but an assembly of the “called out ones” who are “devoted to the Lord”.  Therefore, church is not an Emergency Room where those critically ill and hopelessly lost are supposed to arrive by ambulance for urgent care on Sunday mornings.

ER doctors and nurses only practice medicine inside the confines of a hospital.  However those who do not yet know that they have Stage 4 spiritual cancer are highly unlikely to rush to the pastoral “oncologist” at the “hospital for sinners” for sanctifying chemo and radiation treatments.  Instead, individual Christians were intended to be the “church” personified, nurse practitioners making house calls in their workplaces and neighborhoods delivering the great news that Jesus can bring instantaneous and complete healing.

Imagine the Kingdom impact of reverting to the biblical definition of “church”, equipping and mobilizing the millions of “hands and feet” who sit idly in the pews of America’s churches, hoping their non-believing coworkers and friends will one day accept their invitation to a worship service.  The simple, convicting truth that dispels the myth behind the argument raised in this section is that fewer non-believers would be on the “outside looking in” if churchgoers would adopt their intended roles, commissioned by Jesus Himself, as evangelists and disciple-makers.  Seekers would find what they were looking for without ever having to step foot into a church building.

6.  “Isn’t it a great thing to have lots of non-believers checking out our church?”

At the risk of sounding like a politician, the answer to that question is “it depends…”

…on why they’re checking out your church

  • Is church attendance a prerequisite for social acceptance (as it is in many small towns)?
  • Are they responding to a mailer or invitation promising a fun environment for kids and practical messages, with no expectations?
  • Or was their curiosity sparked by members who continually demonstrate compassion despite hardship, love despite animosity, and forgiveness despite injustice?

…on what they find when they get there

  • A comfortable, warm environment free of challenges or commitments beyond returning next Sunday
  • Answers to their tough questions, confronted with the truth about sin and their need for forgiveness
  • Opportunities to grow through discipleship and live out their faith through missions

…on how the church has changed to accommodate them

  • Compromising and conforming so as not to offend yet consequently defiling what is meant to be holy
  • Reluctant to hold the congregation to the Great Commission standard, failing to equip and empower those called to be the “church” between Sundays
  • Resorting to occasional compassion events, checking the box rather than following Jesus’ model of serving first and then telling people who He is

7.  “Just think of the opportunity that having non-believers here gives our church family to rally around them and put our faith into action.”

That statement carries with it an underlying, flawed premise.  Today’s prevailing church growth models have not only redefined the word “church”, but also the Church’s intended, biblical “customer”.  Members are the embodiment of “church” and are therefore “insiders”, more like employees of a company than its customers.  And like employees, church members should be trained and deployed to pursue “customers” – the lost in the community where that church is planted.

Yet the fact that the investment by the average church in caring for its community has dropped from 40%-50% (when churches were the food bank and homeless shelter for the better part of 1900 years) to around 2% today shows that churches no longer see “outsiders” as “customers”.  Instead, churches devote the vast majority of their time, energy and dollars to attracting and retaining (congregants) rather than equipping and releasing (disciples).  Likewise, words like “outreach” (now redefined as “church marketing”) and “ministry” (now code for “church chores”) have taken on new meanings as well, with emphasis redirected toward institution-building versus disciple-sending.

As a reader recently commented, “God will judge the church NOT by how many people come off the streets and into the pews, but by how many people get out of the pews on onto the streets.”  It’s a sign of our times that inviting people to church has become the primary way that Christians share the gospel, because it’s the primary evangelistic function that churchgoers are asked and prepared by pastors to perform.  Ironically, the fact that the biblical “customers” of churches today feel ignored by the Church makes it all the less likely that those non-believers will accept those invitations to church.

Much like when a company leaves a customer on hold for what seems like an eternity waiting to speak with a human being, Christians who do not live Prayer-Care-Share lifestyles provide poor “customer” service.  Churchgoers are the only personal interface most non-believers will have with “church” during their lifetimes, so if those who are essentially “employees” continually miss opportunities to exceed customer expectations through caring and to “sell” through sharing, they do a disservice to both those non-believers and the body of Christ.

Pastors unwilling to risk challenging their members to endure all the time and effort the Great Commission truly entails for fear of losing them to a church down the road are treating those “insiders” like “customers” – and likewise doing a disservice to the Kingdom.  Understandably, it’s daunting to be one of the few pastors to step out onto that limb when it will make other churches more attractive by comparison.  However, the upside of choosing obedience in spite of the risks surely makes that “gamble” worthwhile.

It’s Your Turn…

If non-believers are not the “church” but should be the target “customer” of the church, then isn’t inviting them to church much like a company inviting its customers to staff meetings and employee training sessions?  Instead, shouldn’t those company functions be reserved for employees (i.e. church members) who in turn leverage that training to pursue “customers” out in the field?

Is Church Really a “Hospital for Sinners”?

Mar 08, 17
JMorgan
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2 comments

Part 2 of 4

There was little doubt that the question “Do Non-Believers Belong in Worship Services?” would stir controversy.  Frankly, I felt the same way as most until recent topics addressed on this weekly blog (now in its 90th week) led me to see what the scriptures had to say about that question.  Like most readers, I had assumed and never dared ask a question that conventional church growth models, nearly all churchgoers and even seminaries considered a foregone conclusion.  Of course non-believers should be encouraged to attend church – any opinion to the contrary is callous and exclusionary at best.

However, it doesn’t take a great deal of biblical investigation to realize that “church” is by definition the assembly of “called out ones” who are “devoted to the Lord” – not a building, and not designed for non-believers.  Countless verses support the argument that believers are supposed to BE the church between Sundays, responsible for leading people to Jesus – and only then are those new believers to join the body of Christ in collective worship.

Some readers understood how our modern-day redefinition of “church” has shifted responsibilities from members to pastors and staff – and turned attention from equipping and mobilizing to attracting and retaining.  Yet others reacted quite differently, reflexively citing essentially 7 common arguments for why non-believers do belong in worship services.  We’ll address the first 4 of those today…

1. “It’s the ‘sick who need a doctor’ and Church is a ‘hospital for sinners’”

Considering the sources (the first Jesus and the second generally attributed to St. Augustine), these two common quotes are often considered irrefutable evidence that there’s no better place for a non-believer to be than at church.  It would seem that the “lost” are exactly who church was established to accommodate.  In other words, all who don’t know Jesus are terminally ill so we should invite and encourage them to come to the place where they’re most likely to find healing – church.

Yes, the sick do need the Great Physician, but Jesus didn’t wait for or expect non-believers to show up at the temple.  He didn’t set up His medical practice within a building.  He was a traveling Apothecary – healing and preaching as He went from town to town.  He also sent His disciples out to meet the “sick” right where they were – with the power to heal and instructions to evangelize, not to invite to a gathering.  We should follow suit and not simply extend invitations to a “hospital for sinners”.  Pastors can’t forgive sins and offer redemption, only Jesus can – and Jesus can do that anywhere.  Churchgoers should act as medical advisors, telling people where to find healing – which is in Jesus, not in a church or pastor.

Each Christian knows the cure for spiritual “cancer” and yet few tell non-believers what it is.  The “cancer” of sin has consequences far greater than those of the bodily illness (i.e. “Do not fear those who kill the body but are unable to kill the soul…).  Missing the opportunity to unveil the cure for “cancer”, withholding that potentially life-saving information in hopes the non-believer will make the unlikely decision to darken a church door, borders on spiritual malpractice.  Much of that liability falls on church leaders who haven’t equipped and trained Christians to communicate that cure for sin “cancer” effectively.  Pastors fear the consequences of holding a congregation consisting largely of fence-sitters and non-believers up to the lofty Great Commission standard.  Therefore, most substitute a softer ask, that of inviting non-Christians to church, enabling members to believe that invitation fulfills the Great Commission and alleviating them of personal responsibility if their invitation to church is rejected.  A church calling itself a “hospital for sinners”, failing to build disciples, and asking members to tell non-believers to come next Sunday for spiritual “healing” is effectively saying Jesus (the Great Physician) and forgiveness can only be found inside a church building (the hospital).  Yet each of us is by definition the embodiment of “church”, called to be His hands and feet everywhere we live, work and travel.

2.  “How else are non-believers going to find the Lord?”

Members are the personification of “church” so they are “insiders”, much more like employees to be trained and deployed than customers to be attracted and retained – to use a corporate analogy.  A business would never rely on a 30 minute weekly presentation and 1 hour discussion led by an uncertified volunteer as the full extent of its training program for new hires.  Yet that’s what most churches do today, conducting a weekend worship service and optional Small Groups, concerned that congregations don’t have an appetite for a greater commitment than that.  As a result, few churchgoers are ready to step into their intended roles as evangelists and disciple-makers.

That failure prompts the question asked in this section, realizing that those most qualified to occupy the evangelist and disciple-making roles today are employed by churches.  It’s true – churches have become the best places for non-believers to find the Lord.  But that’s not what Jesus intended – He meant for His Church to be living, breathing believers fully equipped and empowered to take the Gospel to “Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and even to the remotest part of the earth”.  Instead, “church” is now seen as a place or event we should invite non-believers to come to hear the Gospel preached by the “professionals”.

3. “So we’re supposed to turn non-believers away at the door?”

…phrased another way, “What’s the better side of the door for them to be on?”  First, let’s consider whether there should be a “door” at all.  Given that Christians are the “church” personified, shouldn’t there be a seamless interface between the churched and unchurched, at least physically, before and after Sunday services?  Maybe it’s not about where non-believers should or shouldn’t be (i.e. in worship services), but more about where believers should be (and what they should be doing)?

On a related note, we’ve heard the argument, “Aren’t we as Christians supposed to be hospitable?”  Yes!  As we discussed last week, 1 Corinthians 14:22-25 says that even though preaching is meant for believers, no one should be turned away who wanders in.  However, even though some non-believers may be present, pastors should not divert from teaching “the deep truths of God”, nor from offering deep discipleship.  Any non-believer who comes to church to learn more about the Lord should be eagerly and enthusiastically welcomed.  Yet the Bible clearly spells out that nothing in the message should be adjusted to make it more palatable for non-believers.  Nor should churches proactively invite or market to entice those who don’t worship Jesus to join a worship service.

There are many alternatives for engaging non-believers in church-related activities in lieu of inviting them to Sunday services.  Some churches reach out to their communities through local missions, fairs, workshops, counseling, and other initiatives and events open to any and all.  Others encourage Small Groups to invite those who wouldn’t likely show up on a Sunday morning, some even renaming them Neighborhood Groups to in effect serve as a decentralized “churches” to the communities where the groups meet.

4.  “But I accepted Christ in a church…I wouldn’t even be a believer now if I weren’t invited by someone.”

No doubt, many do come to faith during worship services.  This argument for why non-believers should be invited to church carries powerful and personal emotional weight for those to whom this statement in this section applies.  However, God had a plan to save each and every person who enters the Kingdom of Heaven and nothing, or no one, can thwart His plans.  Also, who’s to say that millions or billions more wouldn’t have come to Christ if each and every churchgoer lived out the Great Commission mandate rather than largely abdicating that responsibility.  Few non-believers are willing to attend or would be comfortable in a worship service, particularly given the prevailing reputation of most churches as more judgmental and hypocritical than caring and compassionate.  Too often non-believers when asked about “church” echo the response the demon gave when confronted by the false disciples, I recognize Jesus, and I know about Paul, but who are you?”  Society knows Jesus is compassionate and caring but doesn’t recognize the same characteristics in today’s internally-focused Church.

It’s Your Turn…

Which of the above statements summarizes your past or current opinion on this topic, or have you been swayed at all by the arguments these past two weeks that non-believers should not be invited into worship services?

Next week we’ll address the other 3 common reasons many churchgoers give for why non-believers do belong in worship services…

Do Non-Believers Belong in Worship Services?

Mar 01, 17
JMorgan
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12 comments

Part 1 of 3

Over the past two weeks we’ve wondered out loud why so few pastors are willing to challenge churchgoers to live out the Great Commission.  We’ve discussed the many internal and external factors behind the near extinction of intensive, personalized discipleship in churches today.  We’ve taken a stab at who would be the first to walk out the door if they were asked to endure the level of life change and disruption involved in becoming a disciple maker, as Jesus commanded.  We’ve pointed out the direct, inherent conflict between the driving force in American culture today (obsession with personal identity) and the driving force behind discipleship (dying to self, “crucified with Christ”).   If, as some would argue, the words “Christian” and “Disciple” should be synonymous, we’re left to consider whether churchgoers unwilling to invest in discipleship warrant the label “Christian”.  If the pews would empty if a pastor tried to hold a congregation to the Great Commission standard, how many of them truly are “believers”?  Add to that number any non-believers only there because a friend invited them, plus any fence-sitters or seekers who responded to an ad or pangs of guilt.

If the presence of so many unbelieving and uncommitted to becoming disciples is causing pastors any hesitation to lay out the full costs of discipleship and launch discipleship programs, it begs the question – “should those folks even be in a worship service?”  That potential connection is concerning enough to make us take a step back and recognize an oxymoron concealed by the near universal acceptance of modern church growth models: “why are those who don’t worship God even in a worship service?”

To answer those questions, we have to go to the source – God’s word.

Church – The Biblical Definition

The Greek word ekklesia is translated as “church” in the New Testament and means “called-out ones.”  It’s comprised of the Greek words kaleo (to call) with the prefix ek (out).  However, the English word “church” does not come from ekklesia but from the word kuriakon, which means “dedicated (or belonging) to the Lord.”

Therefore, the root meaning of “church” does not refer to a building, but to people.  In 1 Corinthians 12:13, Paul speaks to those “called out” and “dedicated to the Lord” who make up the Church, saying “For we were all baptized by one Spirit so as to form one body—whether Jews or Gentiles, slave or free—and we were all given the one Spirit to drink”.  Again in 1 Corinthians 1:2 Paul addresses the church in Corinth specifically as “…those sanctified in Christ Jesus and called to be his holy people, together with all those everywhere who call on the name of our Lord Jesus Christ—their Lord and ours;”

At its core, Church is an assembly of those who have a personal relationship with Jesus Christ.  They are all believers who have received salvation, filled with the Holy Spirit.  Universally it is the body of Christ, scattered abroad.  Locally, it can meet anywhere, even in homes, because church was never about a building, only believers.  Romans 16:5 says “… greet also the church that meets at their house.”  Paul calls the “church” those meeting in a house, not the house itself.

Jesus intended for His followers to BE the church, not passive participants in something called church.  1 Peter 2:4-5 says “As you come to him, the living Stone—rejected by humans but chosen by God and precious to him – you also, like living stones, are being built into a spiritual house[a] to be a holy priesthood,…”  Jesus is the Cornerstone and believers are His “living stones”, His followers are His hands and feet that He uses to build His Church.

In several instances such as Colossians 1:18, 1 Corinthians 12:27, Ephesians 5:29-30 and Ephesians 1:22-23, the Church is defined as the body of Christ…“And God placed all things under his feet and appointed him to be head over everything for the church, which is his body, the fullness of him who fills everything in every way.”  His body, the Church, should be made up of those united with Christ as His physical manifestation on earth.  As His body, Jesus expects His Church to be holy and undefiled.  Ephesians 5:25-27 says, “Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her to make her holy, cleansing her by the washing with water through the word, and to present her to himself as a radiant church, without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless.”  Consistent with the numerous verses referring to “church” as a gathering of believers, those not already made righteous in God’s eyes through the blood of Jesus (i.e. those who don’t worship the Lord) were not intended to be openly invited into a holy worship service.

Further evidence that churches were initially made up of only believers was the first century church in the Book of Acts.  It was growing rapidly not because non-believers were showing up but because the converted were joining the assembly of believers.  Indeed, being part of that congregation could cost them their lives and was not worth the risk for non-believers.

What That Definition of Church Means…

22 “So you see that being able to “speak in tongues” is not a sign to God’s children concerning his power, but is a sign to the unsaved. However, prophecy (preaching the deep truths of God) is what the Christians need, and unbelievers aren’t yet ready for it. 23 Even so, if an unsaved person, or someone who doesn’t have these gifts, comes to church and hears you all talking in other languages, he is likely to think you are crazy. 24 But if you prophesy, preaching God’s Word, even though such preaching is mostly for believers, and an unsaved person or a new Christian comes in who does not understand about these things, all these sermons will convince him of the fact that he is a sinner, and his conscience will be pricked by everything he hears. 25 As he listens, his secret thoughts will be laid bare, and he will fall down on his knees and worship God, declaring that God is really there among you.” (1 Corinthians 14:22-25)

Churches Shouldn’t be Inviting and Advertising to Non-Believers…

Pastors understand those verses.  They know non-believers aren’t ready to hear “insider” messages intended for those “called out” and “devoted to the Lord”.  That’s why churches who ask members to invite their non-believing friends and advertise to anyone and everyone are more reluctant to preach as boldly about the costs of discipleship and Great Commission as they would if only believers were present.  That would be less troubling if churches at least offered separate tracks of one-on-one or triad discipleship for believers looking to go deeper.  However, most pastors cite Small Groups first when asked about their discipleship efforts (but Small Groups aren’t making many disciples) and few churches offer “collegiate or graduate level” alternatives.

What’s most concerning is that churches today have altered how they conduct weekend services and how they market to attract people to an event they weren’t biblically meant to attend in the first place.  They’re not ready to experience what Churches are supposed to offer.  They’re not ready for worship.  They’re not ready for discipleship.  They’re not ready to be fed “solid food”.  Their mere presence and attempts to accommodate them influences numerous aspects of church, both on Sundays and throughout the week.  Meanwhile, all of those ready to go deeper are held back a “grade” as time and resources are poured into engaging and retaining those who aren’t actually part of the body of Christ.

Over the next two weeks, we’ll discuss the affects that inviting and advertising to non-believers have had on the today’s Church:

  • Changed our modern day definition of “Church” away from its biblical roots, and redefined other words such as “outreach” and “ministry”, redirecting their emphasis toward institution-building versus disciple-sending
  • Increased the temptations and tendencies of today’s churches toward Compromise, Comfort, Complacency, Conformity and Confinement

However, Churches Should Welcome Non-Believers if They Wander in…

According to 1 Corinthians 14:22-25, even though preaching the deep truths of God is meant for believers, no one should be turned away.  However, churches should not divert from teaching those “deep truths”, nor from deep discipleship, just because non-believers are present.

Is It Too Late to Turn Back?

Maybe we’ve already made our bed.  Churches haven’t done of good job of discipling members for at least the past couple decades.  Christ intended for His followers to BE the church, but most feel unqualified and are under-committed to live out the Great Commission between Sundays.  Therefore, in this day and age, most of those best equipped to lead people toward Christ are on staff at churches.

As a result, many Christians would argue that if we stop attracting non-believers into churches (through invitations and advertising), many may never hear the gospel and turn to Christ.  In other words, ironically the argument many Christians make is that non-believers may never come to faith if we don’t continue with the current (unbiblical) model.  Even if they understand the biblical definition of Church, they aren’t in favor of reverting to that definition.  Their intentions for parting with scripture in this instance likely originate from a heart of compassion and concern for the “lost” but if that compassion and concern were stronger among more churchgoers, there would be plenty of well equipped workers going into the fields that Jesus said are “ripe for harvest”.  In that case, “seekers” wouldn’t have to step into a church to find what they’re looking for.

It’s Your Turn…

How do you suggest pastors deal with the challenge of staying true to scripture’s definition of “Church” yet still reaching those who don’t know Christ with the Gospel?

Why Discipleship is the Ultimate Church Growth Model

Feb 22, 17
JMorgan
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2 comments

Not all church growth is healthy growth.  Unhealthy growth attracts people from other churches by catering more to them and expecting less of them.  Healthy, exponential growth involves sending those who’ve experienced genuine life change out into the community to demonstrate and share the love of Jesus Christ with those hopeless and hurting.  The growth potential from discipleship is about leverage and empowerment, fueled by the Holy Spirit.  There is so much latent potential sitting idle in America’s church pews.  The job now is to disrupt their comfort and complacency in order to mobilize that manpower.

Intensive discipleship gives churchgoers the courage to seek the lost, the compassion to serve them, and the knowledge to speak words that bring them life.  It transforms your church into a fully trained and equipped army of ministers.  When a pastor asks the proverbial trick question “Raise your hand if you’re a minister”, for the first time all hands can go up with confidence.  Disciples know that their responsibilities amount to being the church personified, not simply inviting people to an event next Sunday.

However, the growth that comes from challenging members to live out the Great Commission, given all of the time and effort that entails, also comes with ups and downs.  Healthy growth is a roller coaster.  You may “preach it down” at first, but you’re in good company – that’s what Jesus did.  At possibly the height of His popularity during His time on earth, Jesus preached His most challenging sermon – and many left His side.  Myopic scale wasn’t the goal for Jesus.  He was looking to build a rebel band of Spirit-filled followers fully committed to changing the world.  And they did.

Like people, churches often need to lose some weight to get healthy.  If someone is looking to get in better shape, that typically means dropping a few pounds.  Maybe to become healthy, churches have to lose some church “consumers”.  However, they won’t leave (or repent) until they experience the “sticker shock” over the price they’ll have to pay to BE the church.  Presenting congregations with the Great Commission price tag is scary in this day and age with so many church buildings and aspiring pastors yet fewer frequent attenders, particularly when some of those leaving may be key contributors.  But the trajectory of a thriving church is typically and necessarily down before it follows the “hockey stick” back up.  Those remaining will create a firm foundation for rapid growth, while also breathing life back into the church’s culture.

Unfortunately, many pastors aren’t willing to take the risk of enduring the short, downward slope and therefore miss the rapid ascension in growth and health up the “hockey stick”.  Many therefore lose their passion and burn out, never recapturing the excitement they once felt back when their church first started.

Who you’ll lose…

It takes faith to boldly preach the whole truth of the gospel – including sin, repentance and the costs of discipleship.  On the surface, it would seem few want to hear that sermon.  Many in the congregation may not come back for a second dose of that medicine.  It also takes courage to ask churchgoers to muster the level of compassion and sacrifice demanded in the Bible of those who choose to follow Jesus Christ.  Many will find another church more willing to spoon feed them.  Others won’t step back into another church again and risk being confronted with such unreasonable expectations.

But let’s look more closely at who is most likely to leave your church when you begin to challenge them to become disciples:

  • those obsessed with their own personal identity (who we discussed last week):
    • want to associate themselves with Christians as part of their (self-conceived) identity or (public) social standing, as often occurs in smaller towns where church attendance is expected
    • more interested in religion than a relationship (with Jesus)
    • pursuing God for what He can do for them to improve their situation in life
  • long-time complacent members and attenders who aren’t ready for changes or challenges
  • “consumers” who complain when some aspect of church is no longer to their liking
  • those in it for “cheap grace”, belief without confession, surrender, discipleship or material life change
  • luke-warm fence-sitters undecided for years whether to stop dipping their toes in the water
  • people intent on being “fed”, unwilling to serve or give sacrificially
  • those who when they do serve, do it to “check the box” and feel better about themselves

Do you want a church full of those?  Jesus and His disciples didn’t try to appease them either.  They confronted sin and never tempered or qualified the gospel message regardless of whether listeners were ready to accept it or not.  Of course, keep in mind that Jesus and His disciples had already “primed the pump” by performing awe-inspiring miracles and jaw-dropping acts of kindness prior to sharing the gospel – a model most churches rarely imitate today.  Maybe that’s why churches have had to resort to softer, more palatable messages to attract and retain – because ears are not as ready to hear nor hearts to accept words not preceded by action. (2 Timothy 4:1-5)

What you’ll gain…

Pressing forward in the face of the risk that your attendance will shrink if members are challenged to BE the church between Sundays and relentlessly pursue the real “customer” (the lost in the community) is not optional – it’s Biblical.  Pastors should have the faith to follow the Lord’s leading, whatever the outcome.

While there’s risk, there’s also tremendous upside.  The congregants who do stick around will be those who are:

  • hungry for truth
  • eager to grow deeper in their relationship with the Lord
  • possibly poor in material wealth but are rich in faith
  • disciples, or willing to become one
  • ready to make an impact within their circles of influence
  • committed to growing the Kingdom
  • all in!

Imagine what your church could do with pews full of those folks!  Twelve disciples changed the course of history.  However, the only way to weed out the “who you’ll lose”, leaving you only with the “what you’ll gain”, is to spell out what it REALLY means to live out the Great Commission.  And you haven’t yet rooted out the “who you’ll lose” at your church – because they’re still there!  Without trimming the excess and training the remaining “insiders” to be unabashed Christ followers bent on pursuing the lost in the community, your church will never morph into a beacon of light in your otherwise darkening city.

What about infrequent attenders, visitors and non-believers?

I know what many of you are thinking.  What about these folks?  Launching straight into the costs and effort involved in discipleship next Sunday would send most window shoppers and CEOs (Christmas and Easter Only) running for the doors, right?  There are several schools of thought on that topic in the church today:

  1. Most Common – The prevailing theory is that “seekers” need to be brought along slowly – from Connection, to Conversion, to Cultivation. While nearly all churches try to attract seekers and work toward Connection and Conversion, few offer Cultivation beyond Small Groups, which aren’t building many disciples.
  2. Most Concerning – Too many churches short-change those wandering into a church who are looking for truth, instead providing thinly-veiled counseling.  Rather than hearing a saving gospel and credible plan for life change from their meager existence, they get relationship and parenting advice.  Rather than getting answers to their tough questions and hard evidence to quell their doubts, they get promises of a better life and hope to help get them through difficult situations (the theme of most Christian songs today).  In their reluctant to call seekers to repentance, pastors miss the opportunity to offer genuine forgiveness and amazing grace.  It’s interesting that Jesus’ first message at the inception of His ministry, when there were no Christians on earth, began with a call to repentance.
  3. Most Controversial – Should non-believers even be invited to worship services?  Or should disciples be the “church” between Sundays, leading non-believers to faith, at which time they should join the body of believers in collective worship?  We’ll start with that most controversial question first next week and see how attempts to attract and engage non-believers are impacting today’s churches.

It’s your turn…

Have you watched a pastor do what Jesus did and “preach it (church/followers) down” to a smaller number of committed disciples, only to see that church explode in growth?